Kategorien: Therapie, Kognitives Training

Computerized Training of Working Memory in Children With ADHD - A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Objective: Deficits in executive functioning, including working memory (WM) deficits, have been suggested to be important in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). During 2002 to 2003, the authors conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial to investigate the effect of improving WM by computerized, systematic practice of WM tasks.

Method: Included in the trial were 53 children with ADHD (9 girls; 15 of 53 inattentive subtype), aged 7 to 12 years, without stimulant medication. The compliance criterion (>20 days of training) was met by 44 subjects, 42 of whom were also evaluated at follow-up 3 months later. Participants were randomly assigned to use either the treatment computer program for training WM or a comparison program. The main outcome measure was the span-board task, a visuospatial WM task that was not part of the training program.

Results: For the span-board task, there was a significant treatment effect both postintervention and at follow-up. In addition, there were significant effects for secondary outcome tasks measuring verbal WM, response inhibition, and complex reasoning. Parent ratings showed significant reduction in symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, both post-intervention and at follow-up.

Conclusions: This study shows thatWMcan be improved by training in children with ADHD. This training also improved response inhibition and reasoning and resulted in a reduction of the parent-rated inattentive symptoms of ADHD.

Kategorien: Therapy, Cognitive training

Autor:Klingberg et al.
Quelle:Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2005;44(2):177–186
Keywords (deutsch):---
Keywords (englisch):attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, intervention, working memory, response inhibition