ADHD inattentive symptoms mediate the relationship between intelligence and academic performance in children aged 6-14
Objective: Fluid intelligence and the behavioral problems of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are related to academic performance, but how this association occurs is unclear. This study aimed to assess mediation and moderation models that test possible pathways of influence between these factors.
Methods: Sixty-two children with ADHD and 33 age-matched, typically developing students were evaluated with Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices and the spelling and arithmetic subtests of the Brazilian School Achievement Test. Dimensional ADHD symptomatology was reported by parents.
Results: Our findings suggest that fluid intelligence has a significant impact on academic tests through inattention. The inattentive dimension was the principal behavioral source of influence, also accounting for the association of hyperactive-impulsive manifestations with school achievement. This cognitive-to-behavioral influence path seems to be independent of diagnosis related group, and gender, but lower socioeconomic status might increase its strength.
Conclusion: Fluid intelligence is a relevant factor in the influence of ADHD behavioral symptoms on academic performance, but its impact is indirect. Therefore, early identification of both fluid intelligence and inattentive symptoms is of the utmost importance to prevent impaired academic performance and future difficulties in functioning.
|Autor:||Danielle de S. Costa, Jonas J. de Paula, Antônio M. Alvim-Soares Júnior, Breno S. Diniz|
|Quelle:||Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 2014|
|Keywords (englisch):||Academic performance, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, inattention, intelligence, mediation|