Kategorien: ADHS bei Kindern

Anatomical and Functional Brain Imaging in Childhood ADHD: Update 2013

Neuroimaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are continuously adding to our knowledge on the neurobiology of this condition. Here, we update previous narrative and systematic reviews on the neuroimaging of ADHD, focusing on studies published in 2013. In order to comprehensively retrieve all the published studies, we searched a broad range of electronic databases (PubMed, Ovid PsychInfo, Ovide Medline, Web of Science, and EMBASE). We critically overview anatomical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies, as well as functional MRI and resting state MRI studies. We also included studies aimed at elucidating the mechanism of action of ADHD drugs. We conclude that the combination of multimodal neuroimaging techniques has the potential not only to increase our understanding of structural disruptions in neuronal circuits associated with functional deficits in children with ADHD, but also to provide objective data that may assist the clinician in the day-to-day practice.

Kategorien: ADHD in children

Autor:M. Angriman, A. Beggiato & S. Cortese
Quelle:Curr Dev Disord Rep (2014) 1:29–40
Keywords (deutsch):---
Keywords (englisch):Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Neuroimaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, fMRI, Structuralimaging, DiffusionTensor Imaging, RestingState, Graph Theory, Classification, Children