Associations Between Dispositions to Rash Action and Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Children

Objective: Impulsivity is not a unitary construct; instead, dispositions to rash action can be divided into five moderately-correlated dimensions. However, the associations between these dimensions and symptoms of psychopathology among youth remain unclear. The goal of this study was to examine associations between different dispositions to rash action and psychopathology in a community sample of middle-school youth.

Methods: 144 youth (mean age=11.9; 65% Hispanic, 30% African-American; 50% male; 81% qualifying for free school lunches) participated in this study. Self-reported questionnaire measures of dispositions to rash action (lack of planning, lack of perseverance, sensation-seeking, negative urgency, and positive urgency) and psychopathology symptoms (conduct disorder (CD), alcohol use, depression, overall anxiety, panic, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, and separation anxiety, as well as teacher reports of ADHD inattentive and hyperactive symptoms) were used.

Results: Negative and positive urgency were positively associated with all symptom subtypes examined except certain anxiety subtypes (and positive urgency was not associated with ADHD symptoms). Lack of planning was positively associated with externalizing and depressive symptoms. Lack of perseverance was positively associated with CD. Sensation-seeking was positively associated with both CD and alcohol use. When other dispositions were adjusted for, negative urgency remained a positive predictor of CD, while positive urgency remained a positive predictor of depressive and panic symptoms. Sensation-seeking was negatively associated with separation anxiety.

Conclusions: Psychopathology symptoms are differentially related to dispositions to rash action in children; emotion-based dispositions to rash action may be particularly important targets for future research.


Autor:Naomi R. Marmorstein
Quelle:Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42 (1), 2013, 131-138
Keywords (deutsch):---
Keywords (englisch):Impulsivity, urgency, sensation-seeking, internalizing, externalizing