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Kategorien: ADHS Allgemein, Diagnostik

Detection of feigned attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

In recent years, there is an increasing awareness that individuals may purposely feign or exaggerate symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to gain external incentives, including access to stimulant drugs or special academic accommodations. There are vast consequences of undetected feigned ADHD such as substantial costs covered by society for unnecessary assessments and treatments, unjustified occupation of limited medical resources and undermining society’s trust in the existence of the disorder or the effectiveness of treatment. In times of economic crisis and cost savings in the medical sector, the detection of feigned ADHD is of importance. This review briefly describes the research on this topic with an emphasis on the approaches available for detection of feigned ADHD (i.e., self-report questionnaires, personality inventories, cognitive tests used in routine neuropsychological assessment and tests specifically designed for detecting feigned cognitive dysfunction). Promising approaches and measures are available for identifying feigned ADHD but there is an immediate need for further research.

Kategorien: General information, Diagnosis

Typ:Übersichtsarbeit
Autor:Lara Tucha, Anselm B. M. Fuermaier, Janneke Koerts, Yvonne Groen, Johannes Thome
Quelle:Journal of Neural Transmission, 2014
Jahr:2014
Keywords (deutsch):---
Keywords (englisch):Adult ADHD, Malingering, Effort, Feigning, Symptom validity
DOI:10.1007/s00702-014-1274-3