Long-term course of ADHD symptoms from childhood to early adulthood in a community sample
Comparatively little information is available from population-based studies on subgroup trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) core symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity (particularly as defined by DSM-IV and ICD-10). Recent report of a subgroup with high and increasing inattention symptoms across development requires replication. To identify the different trajectory subgroups for inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity and total symptoms of ADHD in children and adolescents aged 7–19 years. Eleven birth cohorts from 2,593 families with children and adolescents who had parent ratings for the outcome measures of inat- tention, hyperactivity-impulsivity or total symptoms were considered. Data were analysed using an accelerated longitudinal design and growth mixture modelling was applied to detect subgroups. For all three outcome measures, three trajectories with low (78.3–83.3 %), moderate (13.4–18.8 %) and high (2.8–3.2 %) symptom levels were detected. Course within these subgroups was largely comparable across outcome domains. In general, a decrease in symptoms with age was observed in all severity subgroups, although the developmental course was stable for the high subgroups of inattention and total symptoms. About 3 % of children in a community-based sample follow a course with a high level of ADHD symptoms. In this high trajectory group, hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms decrease with age from 7 to 19 years, whilst inattention and total symptoms are stable. There was no evidence for an increase in symptoms across childhood/adolescence in any of the severity groups.
|Autor:||Manfred Döpfner, Christopher Hautmann, Anja Görtz-Dorten, Fionna Klasen, Ulrike Ravens-Sie|
|Quelle:||European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2014|
|Keywords (englisch):||Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Children and adolescents, Longitudinal study, BELLA study, Cohort|