Media use and ADHD-related behaviors in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis.
There are several theoretical reasons to believe that media use might be related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or ADHD-related behaviors (i.e., attention problems, hyperactivity, and impulsivity). Although studies into the media–ADHD relationship have accumulated, they have yielded incon- sistent results. Therefore, we still do not know whether children’s media use and ADHD-related behaviors are related and, if so, under which conditions. To fill this gap in the literature, we first identified 6 different hypotheses that may explain why media use in general and viewing fast-paced or violent media content might be related to 1 or more ADHD-related behaviors. Subsequently, we conducted a meta-analysis of 45 empirical studies investigating the relationship between media use and ADHD-related behaviors in children and adolescents. Our results indicated a small significant relationship between media use and ADHD-related behaviors (r.12). Finally, we identified several specific gaps in the existing literature and presented 5 crucial directions for future research.
|Autor:||Sanne W. C. Nikkelen, Patti M. Valkenburg, Mariette Huizinga, Brad J. Bushman|
|Quelle:||Developmental Psychology, 50 (9), 2014, 2228-2241|
|Keywords (englisch):||ADHD, attention problems, hyperactivity, impulsivity, media use|