Neurofeedback in ADHD: Further Pieces of the Puzzle
Among the different neuromodulation techniques, neurofeedback (NF) is gaining increasing interest in the treatment of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this article, a methodological framework is summarised considering the training as a neuro-behavioural treatment. Randomised controlled trials are selectively reviewed. Results from two smaller-scale studies are presented with the first study comprising a tomographic analysis over the course of a slow cortical potential (SCP) training and a correlational analysis of regulation skills and clinical outcome in children with ADHD. In the second study, ADHD-related behaviour was studied in children with tic disorder who either conducted a SCP training or a theta/low-beta (12–15 Hz) training (single-blind, randomised design). Both studies provide further evidence for the specificity of NF effects in ADHD. Based on these findings, a refined model of the mechanisms contributing to the efficacy of SCP training is developed. Despite a number of open questions concerning core mechanisms, moderators and mediators, NF (theta/beta and SCP) training seems to be on its way to become a valuable and ethically acceptable module in the treatment of children with ADHD.
|Autor:||Holger Gevensleben, Maike Kleemeyer, Lillian Geza Rothenberger, Petra Studer, Andrea Flaig-Röhr|
|Quelle:||Brain Topography, 27 (1), 2013, 20-32|
|Keywords (englisch):||Neurofeedback, Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Tic disorder (Tourette syndrome), Neurobehavioural model, Slow cortical potentials, Theta/beta|