Parents’ Stigmatizing Attitudes Toward Psychiatric Labels for ADHD and Depression
Objective: There is concern that diagnostic labels for psychiatric disorders may invoke damaging stigma, especially for children. This study compared parents’ stigma toward children with the symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or depression versus the same symptoms plus a psychiatric label.
Methods: Parents (N 5 225) rated their stereotypes, prejudice, and social distance toward vignettes of children with a developmentally typical range of behaviors, symptoms that met DSM-IV-TR criteria for ADHD or depression, and the same symptoms plus a label of ADHD or depression.
Results: Children described as having symptoms only were more stigmatized than children with typical behaviors (d 5 .97 – 2.69). Adding a diagnostic label resulted in significant but small increases in stigma (d 5 .12 – .23).
Conclusions: Parents highly stigmatized children with psychiatric problems, but adding a diagnostic label made only a small contribution to worsening the stigma. The benefits of seeking psychiatric services - accessing treatment and providing validation - may outweigh fears of labeling. ( Psychiatric Services 64:1270-1273, 2013; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201200578)
|Autor:||Jeneva L. Ohan, Troy A. W. Visser, Rachael G. Moss, Nicholas B. Allen|
|Quelle:||Psychiatric Services, 64 (12), 2013, 1270-1273|
|Keywords (englisch):||Adult, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology, Attitude to Health; Behavioral Symptoms/psychology, Child, Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, New South Wales, Parents/psychology, Prejudice, Social Adult, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology, Attitude to Health; Behavioral Symptoms/psychology, Child, Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, New South Wales, Parents/psychology, Prejudice, Social Stigma, Stereotyping|